Komondor history

History of the Komondor

The Komondor is the most ancient sheep dog of the Hungarian. The first written remembrances have spoken about a shaggy dog, whose dignity. self-confidence, figure positioned him over his species. Regarding his origine there are not any studies. By someone it was brought by the Kuns into the Carpathian Hollow, from it originated its name Kumandor-Komondor. The name demonstrates the meaning: the dog of the Kuns, the escort of the Kuns. It is possible, that in the Carpathian Hollow there have been lived this kind or similar races. Following its Asian origine can be explained the row strongness and persistence of the race, because the Kuns have been breeded their dogs to the extrem climate of the ancient fatherland. Beside the herd. flock and stud, on the side of the sepherd, herdsman or rangemean have served as watch dogs, the Hungarian shepherd dog by gigantic (60-70 cm whiters height) robust appareance, with opulent shaggy hair, silky hair wolf-dog, lowland komondor. shaggy komondor or simply KOMONDOR. The Komondor got a big rule in the protection of the goods of our ancestors. His huge figure, authority appareance, extraordinary explosiveness, speedness, strong hair, untiring fightness denoted danger also for the hardest enemy. The most precious property of the nomad communities was the livestock, the komondor had to protect this value. Our ancestors entrusted theirbiggest tresure, their animals to the komondor, who had to be able to protect the to him entrusted goods eventhough without the presence of the owner. His tasksand th ebest interest of the owners required to hold prefectly clean the race. The komondor who hadn’t been able to fight against the rubber, wolf or bear succesfully, died. On this way successed to breed a strong, hard and persistent race, which is entitled also today to bear the title of king of the dogs. The dog, as a devoted partner stood in high esteem of the shepherds, they tried to prserve the values of the race. In spring they cut the hair of the komondor, like the sheeps, so he could be similar to the kuvasz, which indicated some misunderstandness in the name, but it is a fact, that the sepherds have never mixed the two races. The word Komondor appeared written as first remembrance, in work of Peter Kakonyi, clergyman, song-writer, in the history of King Astiages. „The shepherd is looking at a female komondor, who is feeding his puppies with the male and he moves around them.” – is written. In the first Hunagarian Dog Show organized in Szeged in the year 1899 was present only one dog, who was educated in the farm of Zsigmond Kovasznay. From this breed got the Hortobagy and Kiskunsag, and those idividuals were, who defined with their descenders the later characteristic of the race. „The whole body is covered by long, shaggy, curly hair, which hangs down in long curls. His face and head are covered also with long bushy hair, his nose is always black. The animal is morose, it can’t be punished.” – has written Geza Lonyai in 1901. This description could identical regarding the today’s komondor too, which verifies the ”forever-constancy of his character”! In 1909 the komondor was characterized by Geza Buzzi as a extincting race; among the 200 examples examinated by him, were only 17 suitable for breeding. To rescue the komondor founded the persons pertinent to this race – first among the Hungarian races – a breeder association in 1924. In consequence of concious breeding were counted 972 examples. The strong instincts of the komondor has denoted a disantvantage during the world wars for the race. The world wars have nearly extincted them. In the years followed the destruction took place a change in view of breeding, which preferred the carriage. While at the began of the century conducted the maintenance of the ancient figure and the functionality the trrends of breeding, after the Second World War renewed the breeding for carriage. In consequence of this process the race began to loose his interior race character. The care of the shaggy, felt hair has required an extraordinary intensity. From the ’40s preferred the breeder the trend, which layed down the breeding efforts like the ribboned or the one more finer trimmed hair. The height became higher, the bredders preferred the example of huge figure and framed. The hair character directed towartds white colored and the beige colored hair retired, and the pigmentation of the skin became better. The importance of the komondor, same as one of the other shepherd-dogs was driven back based on the transformation of the agriculture. At the end of the 60’s also the state tried to help the breeding of the race. Without too much success. In the last 10 years ont he average 2-400 komondor puppies received their pedigree, but this number is very low, to preserve the required genetic diversity. The registration is a closed method, which doesn’t support the renewal of the stand, and it means returning to the original race-character. The values of the komondor As a result of the incredible mesure, weight, exploding speedness of the komondor is he perfectly able to safely protect any kind of property. He is of unfaltering courage. His dignity also characterizes his dominant personality. During the day he prefers to retire, but always to the strategically best place, from where he can observe the wole territory. however he seems to relax lasy, but nobody has to beleive it! If somebody try to enter to him entrusted territory, can be surprized very much. His goal is never the destruction, only an equivalent attack as one to the goods, or his pack. He is of persistent oragnism, modest, resistent type, only his hair requires regularly, but not to complicated care. He matures late, he gets his complete maturity, when he is 2 years old. Some years ago most of the breeders recognized the problem based on the carriage-breeding, which used to spread after the 2nd World War and they returned to the ancient breeding, which prefers perfect equally the carriage and the ancient instincts. This is the only way to the survival of the komondor or he will loose his character, he loooses to be komondor! „The ancient character of the Hungarian Komondor, his respectabile figresnuggles up to the character of the Hungarian people. Both the agriculturaal folk and the freedom loving shepherds appreciated and loved the onest character of this race.”